Brain Training: How to Train Your Brain Health with Neuroplasticity and Brain Plasticity

讨论Neuroplasticity过于简单


Title: Brain Training: How to Train Your Brain Health with Neuroplasticity and Brain Plasticity
Authors: David Douglas
Edition: 1
Finished Date: 2019-04-17
Rating: 3
Language: English
Genres: Neuroscience
Level: Entry
Publishers: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Publication Date: 2016-02-12
ISBN: 978-1530001378
Format: ePub
Pages: 36
Download: ePub

History of Brain Training

  • Italian anatomist Michele Viceno Malacarne observed plasticity in animals

    The animals’ cerebellums were larger if they were trained compared to those that were not

  • 1890: term Neuroplasticity by William James
  • 1923: Karl Lashley (rhesus monkeys) showed significant changes in the neuronal pathways.
  • 1960s: high resolution microscopes were available
  • Researcher Eleanor Magurie documented the changes in the hippocampal structures that are associated with learning among local taxi drivers in London.

Mechanisms or Neurobiology of Neuroplasticity

synaptic pruning: the removal and recreation of individual neural connections in the brain based on how they are used

mechanism of neuroplasticity: Once the neurotransmitters are diffused across the synaptic cleft, they bind to the receptors and create another electrical signal on the post-synaptic neurons that will fire which causes the neurons to modify itself based on the strength of the existing synapse. The modification of the neurons is then called neuroplasticity

By definition, neuroplasticity

  1. is the change in the strength of the mature synaptic connections by the formation and elimination of synapses.
  2. involves the regrowth of new connections following an injury of the central nervous system such as stroke, for instance.

Rules for Brain Plasticity Workouts

  • Practice regularly: repeat enough to form circuit
  • Don’t over exercise: Overexercise result to the new neural connections in other areas which may not be necessarily needed by the brain

How to Improve Brain plasticity

  • intellectual activities

    • board games
    • join debates
    • take online courses
  • do physical activities

    brain-stimulating hormones

  • meditate

  • eat omega-3 rich fatty acid foods

    increase the levels of molecules

    • the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF)
  • zinc: improve the cognitive function

    regulate the plasticity of the synapses
    protect the brain against free radicals

  • chew gum