expectation: 不会讲出有新意的内容

 Title: Speed Reading for Beginners: How to Read 300% Faster in 24 hours Authors: Michael E. Reese Edition: 1 Finished Date: 2017-04-19 Rating: 5 Language: English Genres: Speed Reading Level: Entry Publishers: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform Publication Date: 2011-06-19 ISBN: 978-1500452087 Format: No Pages: 34 Download: No

## Ch 1: the basics of speed reading

### when not to speed read?

poems novels, especially classics

letters given by significant people in your life

emotions cannot be felt when you engage in speed reading
instructions
* difficult materials

### myth

1. at a slower or at normal speed, you can better understand the material that you are reading because there is more concentration

concentration is also inhibited if the reading speed is too slow

2. speed reading is similar to skipping words

Several words as a whole convey meaning

3. slower readers tend to enjoy the material more

## Ch 2: prepare for speed reading

1. select a practice book

standard measuring tool flow里的feedback

gauge how much you have improved in speed reading

books

• not complex
• fiction books solely for entertainment
2. measure baseline reading speed or number of words per minute

1. time yourself while reading the material, stop the timer once finished
2. extra seconds/60
3. divide the number of words => the number of words that you can read per minute
3. have a clear goal in reading

• Are you after the plot of the story?
• Are you analyzing the character’s personality?
• Are you looking for important lessons embedded in the material?
4. allot time for speed reading

at least 30 minute speed reading practice per day

5. categorize the material between high and low attention

give time for brain to recharge after it has finished reading the high attention material

6. remove any distractions

7. take a break every once in a while

10-minute break after practicing the skill for some time

8. exercise eyes

• skimming
• scanning
• previewing

### skimming

get the general idea in each specific area in the reading material

tips for effective skimming

• always read the introductory part

• title
• opening

• look for unusual words such as technical terms

• search for its meaning in another source, e.g., dictionary, right away
• take note of information presented in outline form or lists of items

• read the first few sentences in every paragraph

topic sentence

• always read the last paragraph completely

### scanning

to look for a single or few pieces of information in the reading materials

tips for effective scanning

• visualize how the information that you are looking for can be presented
• always say in your mind what you want to search for
• once find the information, it will help to read the sentences that precede or follow the subheadings.

confirm if that is exactly what you want to find

### previewing

especially useful for books or lengthy materials

goal: what material is all about, i.e., knowing that the contents in the book are all about health

previewing strategies

• look for keywords

in meta-description and/or summary

title of the book or chapter

• search for key / topic sentences
• numbers or names, pictures or graphs, and other formats in the text such as underlining, italics, or quotes

## Ch 4: expand your horizons through eye exercises

### peripheral vision exercise

1. side to side thumb exercise

goal: stretch the muscles in the eyes

1. straighten the focus of vision
2. hold thumbs up while slowly stretch arms to the side

stop stretching once arms are level with shoulders

3. try to glance at either one of arms (any direction is fine)

try to see if you can see your thumb

4. glance at the other side

5. repeat at least 10-12 times
6. do at least 3 sets per day
2. stimulus recognition exercise

1. ask partner to get hold of any stimulus card or object that can be used for exercise

• a card with color, word, or number
2. ask them to stand on either your left or right side, maintaining an arm’s distance from you

3. Partner starts showing the stimulus object

4. recognize what is shown

5. Partner record progress
6. shift one ht opposite side for the same exercise
3. eye writing exercise

goal: to have a wider and father vision

1. look at a wall that is located far from you
2. stare at the wall, use eyes to mimic hand movement to write your name
4. yoga pose eye exercise

1. stand next an object that you can hold on to if ever you lose balance

Don’t stand close to a wall

2. stand straight and make sure that your feet are somehow aligned with shoulders
3. head is straight, look at an object that is at least 9 to feet away from the front nose 274 cm
4. bring palms together (like you are praying) and place them in front of chest
5. While still in balance, slowly raise either of your feet (whichever foot you’re comfortable with) until it is knee high. For a more difficult pose, you can place the raised foot on the inner thigh of your other foot.
6. Still maintaining your head’s position, try to glance as far as you can in one direction. Focus on the farthest object that you can see in that direction before you shift on the other side. Make sure that you don’t move your head; doing so will cause you to lose balance (hence, you only rely on the power of your eye muscles to recognize the object on that side).
7. Do step 6 for at least 30 seconds before you slowly bring down the elevated foot.
8. Do the same steps for the opposite foot.

do 3 sets

5. change distances exercise

goal: practice ciliary muscles, especially recommend for people who reached the age of 40 because ciliary muscles start to deteriorate

1. hold finger or any small-sized object at least 6 inches away from the front of nose.
2. focus on the object for around 5 to 10 seconds, or until you are able to see it clearly
3. slowing look at an object tat is located at least 9 to 10 feet in front at you
4. divert focus on the farther object for some seconds, or until you can see it clearly
5. shift back focus on the closer object

repeat exercise at least 10 times

criteria for doing the exercise right: everything else aside from the object that you are focusing on becomes blurred

another version

6. read for 10 straight minutes

7. 10-second break stare at an object that is 10 feet away from you until you see it clearly
9. repeat
6. all-direction computer-aided eye exercise

goal: move eye muscles to easily move in almost all directions

1. use a computer program that has an animation feature, such as blink

• movie make
• ppt
2. write 4 different letters, numbers, or any symbol on all sides of the page
3. apply the blinking animation on them

timeline for blinking will be for 2 numbers at any given time
change after a set interval

example

1. write the numbers 1 and 2 on the upper left and right corners respectively
2. numbers 3 and 4 on the lower left and right corners
3. make them blink by pairs
4. view the animated text

make sure that eyes follow the movement made by the animation effect

tips

1. find any material that is interesting for you. Even a short article will work fine

attention is on two words

continuous practice: 4-5 words simultaneously

3. use a pointer while reading

2 words at the same time: the point should be at the 2nd word (pen or finger)

4. start reading in the middle of the phrase
5. around 10 - 15 minutes, at least 3 times a day

终于知道怎么练一下子读多个词了. 之前的书就提了下,还是这个书里的计划靠谱

Aside from the guidelines that you need to observe to learn this skill, you can also use the following exercises so as to make learning faster:

Arranging the material into word groups with the help of your computer

If you’re reading materials that are saved on your computer, you can learn chunk reading faster by arranging the text into meaningful word groups. Just like how a haiku has a determined number of words, you can use the office applications to edit the material and customize it based on how many words in a group you want to read. Consider this example:

If you will be arranging
Word groups, this is how
The finished product looks like

2. Underlining middle words

Aside from arranging the material into meaningful word groups, you can also apply your skill in peripheral vision by starting to read in the middle of that word group.

In the example presented above, you can observe that there are underlined words. This will be the visual guide that you will need so that you can focus your gaze on the middle word, and eventually extend your peripheral vision to read the words on both sides. As the word has a different formatting, your eyes will surely notice the underlined word and focus on reading it first. You can use this to your advantage and practice to start reading on the middle part of the word group. As you continue to develop both of these skills, you will then be able to read in chunks even without the arrangement and formatting of the material.

Both of these methods are useful in developing your scope in reading. Peripheral vision exercise enables you to clearly see words on the periphery and trains your eyes so they can move faster from one side to another. Chunk reading enables you to focus your attention to more than one word and understand these groups of words. These are good exercises for your eyes so that they become more prepared for speed reading.

## Ch 5: stopping yourself from saying what you have read

how to minimize sub-vocalization

• time yourself, then record the number of words that you are able to read in the given time
• distract mind by saying a different word or phrase other than what you are reading

• count from 1 to 100 while reading
• visualize and think about the word
• keep mouth occupied

• chew gum
• develop vocabulary

• read a lot of materials

## Ch 6: limit regression with the use of hand motions

1. use index card or non-transparent ruler
2. use a pointer

a person’s attention is involuntarily captured by any from of movement 这能解释为什么我会一直盯着倩女幽魂的挂机人物

### hand motions

• starting position

1. place hand on the page

palm faces towards the page
thumb places close to palm

2. keep hands and fingers relaxed on the page
3. remaining fingers are slightly apart from one another

hand always look like this when reading

• underlining movement

1. smoothly and steadily run hands to be read, similar to underlining the words in each line

maintain focus on where the finger is pointing

2. once read the last word in the line, slightly raise finger and bring it on the nest line by moving hand diagonally

3. repeat steps until reach the last line of the page

### s-hand movement

do not lift hand when shifting to the next line

• a tight “S” movement: run through each line in the page and read the words at a much faster rate
• wide “S” movement: more useful for previewing the contents of the page
2. place it on the second line of the page
3. Mimic the motion of a reverse S (starting from the left to the right) until it reaches the end of that line.
4. Once you reach the end of the line, move your hand on the bottom of the third line where your finger was once placed (your finger should be on the right side of the page by this time).
5. Continue running your finger on that line until it reaches the left side of the page. Continue the motion until you’re finished with the page

### x-hand movement

It is advised that only those who have been practicing speed reading for quite some time should use this hand movement.

mostly used for materials that are written in columns such as newspaper articles

2. place hand on the first word of the page
3. from the starting point, move index finger diagonally, going to the other side of the page

end point is 4 or 5 lines below starting point

4. switch from the index to the middle finger

5. make an angular movement going to the second line of the page (still on the right side)
6. once finger is on the second line, move diagonally going to the left side of the page

7. move through the same number of lines started in step 2

### loop hand movement

use curves rather than angles

not shift fingers

1. finger is on the first word on the page
2. make a diagonal movement going to the right side of the page

end point should be on the fourth or fifth line after your starting point

3. move upward to the second line

make a sharp curve going to the target line

the movement is similar to doing an infinity symbol ($\infty$)

4. from the 2nd line on the right side of the page, repeat the same motion and follow the same number of lines when moving finger to the other side of the page

5. repeat the steps until you have finished going through the page and the whole material

### l-hand movement

preview columns

1. from starting point
2. place hand on the 3rd line of the left side of the page
3. move through the line where finger is located, similar to doing the underlining movement
4. reach the right side of that line
5. move finger up to the 2nd line that preceded starting point
6. move finger diagonally going to the left side of the page
7. end point should be the 5th line from where you started the diagonal movement
8. reach the left side
9. make a curving motion going 2 lines up from where the diagonal movement ended
10. repeat step 2 on this line, then repeat the procedures until you have finished with the page and the material

### question mark movement

preview the important points in the material

a training: train eyes and brain to recognize more words in a shorter amount of time, read horizontally in both direction

1. starting from the first word on the page
2. trace the figure of a question mark
3. the end point of hand is at the center of the last line in the page
4. repeat the motion on the next pages
5. read last line in any page