Speed Reading: How to Double (or Triple) Your Reading Speed in Just 1 Hour!



Title: Speed Reading: How to Double (or Triple) Your Reading Speed in Just 1 Hour!
Authors: Justin Hammond
Edition: 1
Finished Date: 2017-05-10
Rating: 5
Language: English
Genres: Speed Reading
Level: Entry
Publishers: Amazon Digital Services LLC
Publication Date: 2013-04-10
ASIN: B008J2MMWU
Format: No
Pages: 61
Download: No

Ch 4: subvocalization: Or, How reading works

words are symbols that represent something more

What is a word?

a word is a symbol

  • If a sound symbolizes a concept
  • writing symbolizes a sound that symbolizes a concept

subvocalization:

Ch 5: bad habits and how to fix them

issues Before you even start reading

1. suboptimal physical and mental conditions

  • You are tired

    example

    • read before going to bed

      will not read at peak capacity if sleepy

  • You just ate a lot

    more blood is rushing to stomach than to brain

  • You have things on your mind

    clear, focused mind is good

  • You are in an uncomfortable position

  • You are TOO comfortable

How to fix this

If in any above conditions, still can read but can read faster

2. distracting physical environment

  • noisy environment

    mind cannot pay sharp attention to 2 things at once

  • visual distractions

    lots going on in peripheral vision

    • crowded place

      • plenty of activity
    • in front of the television

  • electronic devices

    • text message
    • Facebook

How to fix this

decrease the number of distraction in environment

issues While you are reading

3. reading out loud

The mind moves faster than the lips

If you can choose between reading out loud and reading in your head, then choose to read in your head. Reading silently is easily five to ten times faster than reading out loud.

How to fix this

monitor yourself when read

when discover, stop to do immediately

4. VERY IMPORTANT: subvocalization

How to fix this

When reading, try to “listen” to what is going on in your mind.

If you are hearing the individual sound of every word, that means that you are making mind work much too hard

Discussion is in next chapter

5. VERY IMPORTANT: regression

If you don’t understand something you have read, definitely go back and read it again

How to fix this

self-monitoring 三个问题都是self-monitoring

an index card

place card above

6. VERY IMPORTANT: erratic eye movement

your eyes don’t just revert back to previously read text – they might also

  • jump forward
  • glance at things outside the text
  • skip too far down
  • even stop dead, mid-sentence.

right eye movement: left-to-right, top-to-bottom

sentences, not individual words, have meaning

How to fix this

self-monitoring

prepare to identify your bad habits

  • self-monitor: primary tool for getting rid of bad habits

  • one habit at a time 现在想养成的习惯就是不要subvocalization. 我也只有这个习惯

  • practice thinking about each of these reading habits

Ch 6: techniques to double (or triple) your reading speed

techniques #3 “Read Phrases Instead of Words” (stopping subvocalization and reading blocks of words) and #5 “Meta-Guiding.” are responsible for 80% reading improvement

Before you even start reading

1. improve you physical and mental condition

2 best ways

  1. make sure you are feeling energized
    don’t try to read when you know you are tried
  2. sit up straight

2. pick a suitable (and non-distracting) reading environment

While you are reading

3. VERY IMPORTANT: read phrases instead of words

skip straight from the letters to the meaning

  1. The key is to practice reading at a pace where you simply cannot pronounce words or think about their sounds.

    eyes do not need capture every single word Mind will automatically fill the blank

    just like you don’t need to hear every single work, you don’t need to read every single word.

  2. read phrases: 3-10 words long

4. locate the most important sections of text

the prime location that authors put important information

  • titles
  • headings
  • the first sentence(s) in a paragraph
  • the last sentence(s) in a paragraph
  • the first paragraph(s) in a passage
  • the last paragraph(s) in a passage
  • sentences with bolded, underlined, or italicized words
  • picture captions

pay more attention with eyes and mind to the points on that list

5. IMPORTANT: meta-guilding

use pen to guide

Ch 7: practicing speed reading

1. time yourself reading and then answer comprehensive questions

how to measure average reading

80% correct

http://eslus.com/LESSONS/READING/READ.HTM

http://college.cengage.com/collegesurvival/watkins/learning_companion/1e/students/timed_reading.html

2. try reflective journaling

less formulaic way of recording progrprogressess

write about them in journaling

example

Actions. For example, if you sense that one of the major habits that slows you down is that you have erratic eye movement, record this observation in your journal. Or if you are consciously trying to apply one of the good habits, write down how much progress you feel you’ve made, how much this has helped you, and how difficult or easy this seems to be for you.

3. document your speed and set your goals

combination #1 and #2

  1. write down goal
  2. write how much progress they are making achieving goals

double current wpm

4. use computer software

5. Practice with text you have already read

  1. apply the techniques to books or articles you have already read
  2. texts you are less familiar with

not advisable to start speed reading through completely new and unfamiliar topics

ch 8: when you should & should not speed read

Speed reading is not a skill you need to use every time you read

various reading rates

adjust speed depending on the type of text and the portion of that text they are focusing on

when it’s great to speed read

1. when you are reading for pleasure

reading by your own rules

2. when you don’t need to have a perfect understanding of the whole text

3. when you are reading something that is easy

4. when you are reading familiar text

when it isn’t great to speed read

1. when you are studying first-time material

  • focus on details
  • write down notes
  • go backwards when you want to tie different ideas together

2. when you are reading unfamiliar text

the less familiar a topic is to you, the less likely you are to understand it if you read quickly

3. when the reading level of the content is high

Authors employ many different writing techniques to complicate their text. And when the text is difficult, you can easily misunderstand if you go too fast.

3 primary reasons texts get difficult are because of

  • the level of vocabulary
  • the complexity of the sentence structure
  • the depth of ideas