Title: The ONE Thing: The Surprisingly Simple Truth Behind Extraordinary Results Authors: Gary Keller, Jay Papasan Edition: 1 Finished Date: 2017-05-02 Rating: 4 Language: English Genres: Self-Help Level: Entry Publishers: Bard Press Publication Date: 2013-04-01 ISBN: 978-1885167774 Format: Pdf, Mobi Pages: 133 Download: Pdf Mobi

## Ch 2: the Domino Effect

2. whack away at it until it falls

reason: extraordinary success is sequential, not simultaneous

The key is over time. Success is build sequentially. It is one thing at a time.

## Ch 3: success leaves clues

### one product, one service

Extraordinarily successful companies always have one product or service they are most known for or that makes them the most money 但在达到那一个成功前, 他们试了很多产品. 逻辑错误: 吃了第10个饼饱了,说: 为什么不先吃第10个饼?
20-80 rules, 不代表其他只产生20%效果的80%努力是白费的

bias: 幸存者偏差

Apple从本质上就是好的. 因为用linux和unix, 所以安全性上已经很好. 乔布斯独裁, 就会减少很多distraction. 并不是他们没有同时做多件事, 而是不会完全考虑消费者的想法.

### one person

one person makes all the difference

No one succeeds alone. No one No one succeeds only because one factor: only one person

### one passion, one skill

passion => disproportionate time practicing or working at it => skill => better results => more enjoyment/passion => invest more time (loop)

Cal Newport不同意passion, 这个loop是部分正确的. 缺乏 自主和control

a skill that led to a profession that opened up an opportunity to give back 也是Cal Newport观点, 做最重要的事情, 只有成功了才能有更多的自主和control, 才能有满足感和更多的机会. 我的观点: 若做最重要的事情失败, 就没有后续了

# Part 1: the lies

the 6 lies between you and success

1. everything matters
3. a disciplined life
4. willpower is always on will-call
5. a balanced life

## Ch 4: Everything matters equally <> 80/20 rules

When everything feels urgent and important, everything seems equal.

do one thing meaningful

a success list replaces a to-do list

def of success list: a list that is purposefully created around extraordinary results 对于我来说, 就deep work list

80/20 principles 我的intuition没法接受. 若一个作家最重要的事情是写作, 他从早写到晚, 最后几个月的工作产生了一篇好的novel, 但不代表前面花费的时间都是白费的. 前面的时间是delicate practice的时间, polish skill的时间. 就好比编程的结果是最后的products, 但之前的训练时间也是需要考虑的.

social media是没有效的

20%$^n$ * (total number of tasks m) = 1 => $m = \frac{log{\frac{1}{m}}}{log{0.05}}$

m: total number of the tasks
n: how many repetition to achieve

id m n
1 100 2
2 200 2
3 300 2
4 400 2
5 500 3
6 600 3
7 700 3
8 800 3
9 900 3
10 1000 3
11 1100 3
12 1200 3
13 1300 3
14 1400 3
15 1500 3
16 1600 3
17 1700 3
18 1800 3
19 1900 3
20 2000 3
21 2100 3
22 2200 3
23 2300 3
24 2400 3
25 2500 3
26 2600 3
27 2700 3
28 2800 3
29 2900 3
30 3000 3
31 3100 3
32 3200 3
33 3300 3
34 3400 3
35 3500 3
36 3600 3
37 3700 3
38 3800 3
39 3900 3
40 4000 3
41 4100 3
42 4200 3
43 4300 3
44 4400 3
45 4500 3
46 4600 3
47 4700 3
48 4800 3
49 4900 3
50 5000 3
51 5100 3
52 5200 3
53 5300 3
54 5400 3
55 5500 3
56 5600 3
57 5700 3
58 5800 3
59 5900 3
60 6000 3
61 6100 3
62 6200 3
63 6300 3
64 6400 3
65 6500 3
66 6600 3
67 6700 3
68 6800 3
69 6900 3
70 7000 3
71 7100 3
72 7200 3
73 7300 3
74 7400 3
75 7500 3
76 7600 3
77 7700 3
78 7800 3
79 7900 3
80 8000 3
81 8100 4
82 8200 4
83 8300 4
84 8400 4
85 8500 4
86 8600 4
87 8700 4
88 8800 4
89 8900 4
90 9000 4
91 9100 4
92 9200 4
93 9300 4
94 9400 4
95 9500 4
96 9600 4
97 9700 4
98 9800 4
99 9900 4
100 10000 4

1. come up with the list
1. one round 20% left
1. repetition
1. until 1 left

criteria值得考虑

1. 包含的project数量不同

skill和deep work包含多个project

2. 获得结果的时间长度
80-20 rule追求instant results
* 在entry-level的时候不会产生最多的结果, 但是若skill和work达到top 1%, 那么so good they cannot ignore you. 有long-term effect

human cannot focus intensively 2 or more things at the same time

but can do it if only one task need intensive focus while others don’t.

## Ch 6: a disciplined life

success is actually a short race – a sprint fueled by discipline just long enough for habit to kick in and take over

you can become less successful with less discipline than you think, for one simple reason: success is about doing the right thing, not about doing everything right

doing right things 不一定能保证 success
• choose the right habit
• bring just enough discipline to establish it

develop the right habit in one field => simplify life, i.e., 生活的其他方面被忽略

## Ch 7 willpower is always on will-call

doing willpower called discipline

willpower is a limited resources but rechargeable (food & sleep)

the more we use our mind, the less minding power we have 但若为了要stretch willpower, 就必须要先deplete, 再继续work

when willpower is low, ten to fall back on default settings

cliche: 在willpower最高的时候做最重要的事情. 相似的, energy最高的时候

• Implementing new behaviors
• Filtering distractions
• Resisting temptation
• Suppressing emotion
• Restraining aggression
• Suppressing impulses
• Taking tests
• Trying to impress others
• Coping with fear
• Doing something you don’t enjoy

## Ch 8: a balanced life 这个观点我喜欢, 也是我最后想明白的

Nothing ever achieves absolute balance

Balance is a verb, i.e., we constantly do

Balance does not exist

The act of living a full life by giving time to what matters is a balancing act

because: Extraordinary results require focused attention and time => time on on thing means time away from another => balance is impossible

the desire for balance: enough time for everything and everything done in time => prevent from making extraordinary time commitments to anything

extremes => extraordinary

### counterbalancing

the idea of counterbalancing: you never go so far that you cannot find your way back or stay so long that there is nothing waiting for you when you return

example

• habitual long hours can be deadly

2 types of counterbalancing

• the balance between work and personal life
• the balancing within each

### life is a balancing act

the question of balance is really a question of priority

When acting on priority => automatically go out of balance

the challenge: how long to stay on the priority

Counterbalancing is about understanding when to be in the middle and when to go to the extremes.

In life there are three things that need constant counterbalance:

• family and friends
• personal needs

personal life需要shift priority/focus非常快
professional life需要更加长的work来shift focus

David Allen: how fast to shift focus

GTD’s context: 在家就focus on 家里的事情, 工作中就focus on 工作中的事情.

Knowing when to pursue the middle and when to pursue the extremes is, in essence, the true beginning of wisdom. Extraordinary results are achieved by this negotiation with your time.

## Ch 9: big is bad

fear big success

think big没有错. 同样, research showed that 当我们从事一样我们从来没做过得事,我们会estimate our abilities. 那么作者的论点就站不住脚

# Part 2: the truth, the simple path to productivity

the success comes down to being appropriate in the moments of your life

do exactly what I am doing

## Ch 10: the focusing questions

big picture and small focus: right direction and right action

What is One Thing I can do such that by doing it everything else will be easier or unnecessary?

one question和one thing是一回事

* ….的MIT

## Ch 11: the success habit

use the focus question to find

ask the focusing question every day

## Ch 12: the path to great answers

• doable

already within reach of knowledge, skills, and experience

• stretch

within reach, but at the farthest end of range

作者觉得这种类型就在comfort zone里. 根本就不是
• possibility

found in 2 steps

1. the same as when you stretch

research and experience of others

“Has anyone else studied or accomplished this or something like it?”

2. look for the next thing you an do in the same direction or, if necessary, in an entirely new direction
<font color="blue">academic research都用这个方法, 也没见有很多人脱颖而出.



# Part 3: Extraordinary results: unlocking the possibilities

purpose, priority, and productivity as 3 parts of iceberg

2者并没有强因果关系

## Ch 14: live by priority

• purpose: where to go
• priority: how to get there
purpose有时候也是priority, 有了priority也不一定能到达

goal setting就是David Allen多个level goals

## Ch 15: live for productivity: time block

time blocking 3 types of things

1. time block your time off
2. time block your ONE THING
3. time block 1 hour on planning time

morning

1. block time as early in your day as you possible can
2. 30 minutes - 1hour to take care of morning priorities
3. move to ONE Thing

do ONE Thing everyday

### protect time block

• mindset that time block cannot be removed

“I am sorry, I already have an appointment at that time”

## Ch 16: achieving extraordinary results through time blocking requires 3 commitments

1. adopt the mindset of someone seeking mastery
2. continuously seek the best ways of doing things
3. you must be willing to be held accountable to doing everything you can to achieve your ONE Thing

1. follow the Path of Mastery
2. Move from “E” to “P”
3. Live the Accountability Cycle
In summary, 就是dedicate practice里的内容, 没有什么新意

### 1. follow the Path of Mastery

see mastery as a path not a destination to arrive at => start to feel accessible and attainable

mastery就是一种状态, 作者非要看成过一种path

the healthy view of master means giving the best you have to become the best you can be at your most important work 是so good they cannot ignore you的目标

deliberate practice + 10,000 hours 只是practice, 不是creative work. creative work需要deep work

### 2. Move from “E” to “P”

The path of mastering something is the combination of not only doing the best you can do at it, but also doing it the best _it_ can be done

### 3. Live the Accountability Cycle

active attitude

find a accountability partner 我再也不想这么做了

write down goals and share progress with someone regularly

## Ch 17: the 4 thieves of productivity

1. inability to say “No”

• say “yes” to ONE Thing
• say “no” to everything that affecting ONE Thing
2. fear of Chaos

When we tirelessly work our time block, clutter automatically takes up residence around us

Messes are inevitable when you focus on just one thing
Focusing on ONE Thing has a guaranteed consequence: other things don’t get done

3. poor health habits

figure out easy ways to eat right and then plan all your daily meals a week at a time 作者说得简单, 做起来非常难, 他肯定没有自己做过

the highly productive person's daily energy plan

1. mediate and pray for spiritual energy
1. eat right, exercise, and sleep sufficiently for physical energy
1. hug, kiss, and laugh with loved ones for emotional energy
1. set goals, plan and calendar for mental energy

1. environment does not support your goals

读书的时候环境根本没法选, 家庭也没法选. 又是说比做到容易太多了,然后作者就不说什么

• coworkers
• friends
• family
我能说更多
当然可以都被归在environment里. 但是这样的话有什么意义

## Ch 18: the Journey

1. write down current income
2. multiply it by a number: 2,4,10,20. pick one
3. write down the new number
4. ask yourself, “Will my current actions get me to this number in the next 5 years?”
5. if yes, keep doubling the number until they won’t

# On the Research

do

time block at least 4-hour work per day
1-hour plan per week delicate practice
* deep work